Tech Project intends to be a place where students have to use all the knowledge they have in order to develop their projects and solve the problems they might find while doing it. While applying all their knowledge, students will be using H.O.T.S ( High Order Thinking Skills), a theory developed by Blooms in 1957.
But, what exactly do we mean by “higher order thinking skills”? “HOTS”, as they are sometimes called, are complex cognitive skills involving analysis, evaluation, synthesis, judgment, and creativity. Higher-order thinking requires students to go beyond simply memorizing facts. Instead, students are expected to do something with the information they are learning. This may mean identifying relationships between ideas, combining and applying concepts to solve a novel problem, or generating entirely new ideas based on what they have learned.
However you define higher-order thinking, the goal is to get students to move beyond simply recalling facts on demand and start using knowledge in complex ways.
Higher-order thinking is an important component of 21st Century Skills. These are the skills that are most in-demand in the Knowledge Economy. They include:
- Learning skills: Critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, and communication.
- Literacy skills: Information literacy, media literacy, and technology literacy.
- Life skills: Flexibility, leadership, initiative, productivity, and social skills.
All of these skills are grounded in higher-order thinking. For example, media literacy requires students to be able to evaluate sources of information, determine which sources and facts are credible, and put new information into context with other information. Creativity is rooted in the ability to synthesize information from different sources, evaluate different ideas, and combine concepts in new ways. 21st Century Skills are, fundamentally, different ways of combining and expressing higher-order thinking skills.
Developing these skills, including the ability to combine different styles of thinking and determine which cognitive skills are most appropriate for the task at hand, will prepare students for the demands of the 21st-Century.
It will also give them the tools they need to become lifelong learners, participate fully as citizens in our democracy, make positive connections with others, and reach their personal goals.
- Armstrong, Patricia. “Bloom’s Taxonomy.” Center for Teaching, Vanderbilt University, 13 Aug. 2018.
- Bloom, Benjamin Samuel. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: David McKay, 1956.